Faith Matters

Honouring St Oliver Plunkett with the martyrs of yesterday, today and tomorrow

The 350th anniversary of St Oliver Plunkett's appointment as Archbishop of Armagh was marked on Tuesday with the unveiling of a statue in honour of not only the martyred saint but also those who have died their faith 'yesterday, today and tomorrow'. Archbishop Eamon Martin explains the significance of the new shrine in St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh

The new statue of St Oliver Plunkett, unveiled in St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh this week. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

LAST November, during a Mass to remember persecuted Christians, I announced my hope for a shrine here in St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh, to our former archbishop, St Oliver Plunkett, to help us remember in prayer all those who are persecuted for their faith.

St Oliver was appointed Archbishop of Armagh, 350 years ago on July 9 1669.

For many years the people of Drogheda and the surrounding areas in Louth and Meath have faithfully kept his memory alive; St Peter's Church in Drogheda will continue to be the national shrine to St Oliver Plunkett, where his relics are venerated.

But in this significant year I think it is appropriate that we acknowledge St Oliver in a special way here in our cathedral and, through him, honour all the martyrs of yesterday, today and tomorrow.

I asked Dony MacManus, the Dublin-born artist who prepared the bronze statue, if he could inspire both devotion and admiration for the courage and serenity shown by St Oliver in the face of his horrific execution.

I wished that his work would speak into the reality of Christian persecution today; most importantly, I asked Dony if he could help us to see, in this sculpture of St Oliver, the face of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who humbly gave his life for us on the Cross.

Archbishop Eamon Martin and sculptor Dony MacManus as the statue of St Oliver Plunkett is unveiled. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

I am grateful to Dony for bringing all his God-given talents to this task, and also for the prayerful way in which he has approached his work.

I also thank the many people from all over Ireland and beyond who have made this commission possible by their prayers and financial support.

In the days, months and years to come, countless visitors to the cathedral will have an opportunity to share in the fruits of Dony's efforts.

This sculpture is much more than a work of art. I trust that it will draw us to prayer for our brothers and sisters around the world who are suffering for their faith; and I hope in that way that we will all feel called to witness more strongly in our daily lives to Jesus Christ, who loved us "even unto death".

The life and death of St Oliver reveals to us the face of Christ. At his canonisation on October 12 1975, Pope Paul VI - now Saint Paul VI - said that, "the sacrificial love of Jesus Christ, the Good Shepherd, is reflected and manifested in this new saint".

Historians tell us that Archbishop Oliver was a devoted shepherd, attentive to the sanctification of his clergy and enthusiastic for the education and Christian instruction of young people.

His message was one of peace and reconciliation. Pope Paul VI described him as a "vigilant preacher of the Catholic faith" and a "champion of pastoral charity".

Christians are being punished for witnessing to human rights and dignity; they are condemned in some places for reaching out to the exploited, to refugees and migrants, to travellers and to those on the margins of society; they are being insulted and ridiculed for speaking up for the lives of the most vulnerable and innocent, including the lives of unborn children

Four years later, Pope Saint John Paul II, who as Cardinal of Kraków had been to Oliver's canonisation, came to Drogheda and venerated the new saint's relics.

There he said St Oliver "was the defender of the oppressed and the advocate of justice, but he would never condone violence. For men of violence, his word was the word of the Apostle Peter: 'Never pay back one wrong with another' (1 Peter 3:9).

"As a martyr for the faith he sealed, by his death, the same message of reconciliation that he had preached during his life.

"In his heart there was no rancour, for his strength was the love of Jesus, the love of the Good Shepherd who gives his life for his flock. His dying words were words of forgiveness for all his enemies."

Archbishop Eamon Martin with PJ and Aine O'Hare who carried the relic of St Oliver Plunkett to St Patrick's Cathedral. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

And this is so true. At the gallows in Tyburn, London, in 1681, Oliver began his final message by rejecting the fraudulent charges and false testimony that had been brought against him.

But then, his words turned to forgiveness. Archbishop Oliver said: "I do heartily forgive them, and also the judges, who by denying me sufficient time to bring my records and witnesses from Ireland did expose my life to evident danger.

"I do also forgive all those who had a hand in bringing me from Ireland to be tried here, where it is morally impossible for me to have a fair trial.

"I do finally forgive all who did concur directly or indirectly to take away my life; and I ask forgiveness of all those whom I ever offended by thought, word or deed."

Dear brothers and sisters, it is clear that Archbishop Oliver, by his life and his death, had become "conformed to the likeness of Christ" (Romans 8:29).

He was the true shepherd, as described by the prophet Ezekiel, who keeps his flock in view, rescues them from the mists and the darkness, gathering them, looking for the lost, bringing back the stray, bandaging the wounded, making the weak strong.

He was also the "servant of God" described by St Paul who shows "great fortitude in times of suffering".

We know Archbishop Oliver had to flee for his life and hide away many times - he experienced great dangers, hunger and imprisonment - but he was patient in all his trials, "prepared for honour or disgrace".

Archbishop Eamon Martin unveils the new statue of St Oliver Plunkett in St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

My hope is that when people feel their faith is being tested or growing weak, they will visit St Oliver's shrine here in the Cathedral and find strength and healing.

I want people to come here to experience God's love and closeness when life is getting them down, and they are losing hope - whether it be in their relationships or in their chosen vocation.

I invite people to visit St Oliver's shrine when they are afraid of what lies ahead for them, or when they are concerned about the direction which their family members are taking in life.

My hope is that when people feel their faith is being tested or growing weak, they will visit St Oliver's shrine in St Patrick's Cathedral and find strength and healing

May all who come here look up at the statue of St Oliver and gain serenity, courage, wisdom and hope for themselves and for others.

St Oliver experienced hope by imitating Jesus our Saviour, who willingly gave his life on the hill of Calvary for the forgiveness of sins.

All over the world today, people are living their lives inspired by that same hope and 'greater love' that only Christ can bring.

In some parts of the world, our brothers and sisters in Christ are finding strength to endure suffering, or even death, for their faith - the news in recent months from Sri Lanka and Burkina Faso reminds us that persecution and martyrdom are not something from the past, but are a cruel reality today for many of our fellow Christians, of all traditions and denominations.

Jesus said to his disciples: "If the world hates you, remember that it hated me before you."

It is said Christians nowadays are not only being persecuted because of hatred of the faith, odium Fidei, but also because of hatred of love, odium amoris - because they are standing up in the name of Christ for peace, reconciliation and justice and in defence of the poor.

Archbishop Eamon Martin plants an oak tree with Rosaleen Quinn, who completed the Camino from Drogheda to Armagh, and PJ and Aine O'Hare who carried the relic of St Oliver Plunkett through Armagh to the Cathedral. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

Christians are being punished for witnessing to human rights and dignity; they are condemned in some places for reaching out to the exploited, to refugees and migrants, to travellers and to those on the margins of society; they are being insulted and ridiculed for speaking up for the lives of the most vulnerable and innocent, including the lives of unborn children.

My prayer is that we will never forget St Oliver Plunkett, and all of the martyrs of yesterday, today and tomorrow, and that we will hear more strongly in our own hearts the personal call to holiness and to witness that is given to every Christian.

I hope that this new shrine to St Oliver will help inspire all of us to accept our own daily crosses and sacrifices, and encourage us to be stronger in our faith, firmer in our hope and more active in our charity.

In that way, like St Oliver Plunkett, we too shall be transformed more fully, day-by-day, into the likeness of Christ.

Archbishop Eamon Martin is Archbishop of Armagh, Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Dromore and Primate of All Ireland. He was speaking in St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh on Tuesday night as the statue to St Oliver Plunkett was unveiled, blessed and dedicated.

Archbishop Eamon Martin with sculptor Dony MacManus, who crafted the statue of St Oliver Plunkett. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

Archbishop Eamon Martin unveils the statue of St Oliver Plunkett in St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh. Picture by LiamMcArdle.com

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