A rare, powerful earthquake has struck Morocco, sending people racing from their beds into the streets and toppling buildings in mountainous villages and ancient cities not built to withstand such force.
More than 2,000 people were killed and the toll was expected to rise as rescuers struggled on Saturday to reach hard-hit remote areas where the dead were buried even as desperate efforts were under way to save those trapped.
The magnitude-6.8 quake, the biggest to hit the North African country in 120 years, sent people fleeing their homes in terror and disbelief late on Friday.
One man said dishes and wall hangings began raining down, and people were knocked off their feet.
The enormity of the destruction came into view in the daylight.
The quake brought down walls made from stone and masonry not constructed to endure quakes, covering whole communities with rubble and leaving residents picking their way precariously through remains.
A tent typically used for celebrations was erected for shelter in the centre of the impoverished mountain community of Moulay Brahim, where homes made of clay and brick were largely left uninhabitable.
Fathers sobbed into phones telling loved ones about losing their children.
Bodies covered with blankets lay in the health centre next to a mosque as doctors pulled shards from people’s feet and treated surface wounds.
“There’s nothing to do but pray,” said Hamza Lamghani, who lost five of his closest friends.
People could be seen on state TV clustering in the streets of historic Marrakesh, afraid to go back inside buildings that might still be unstable.
Many wrapped themselves in blankets as they tried to sleep outside.
Marrakesh’s famous Koutoubia Mosque, built in the 12th century, was damaged, but the extent was not immediately clear.
Its 69-metre (226ft) minaret is known as the “roof of Marrakesh”.
Moroccans also posted videos showing damage to parts of the famous red walls that surround the old city, a Unesco World Heritage Site.
At least 2,012 people died in the quake, mostly in Marrakesh and five provinces near the epicentre, Morocco’s Interior Ministry reported on Saturday night.
At least another 2,059 people were injured – 1,404 critically – the ministry said.
“The problem is that where destructive earthquakes are rare, buildings are simply not constructed robustly enough to cope with strong ground shaking, so many collapse, resulting in high casualties,” said Bill McGuire, professor emeritus of geophysical and climate hazards at University College London.
“I would expect the final death toll to climb into the thousands once more is known. As with any big quake, aftershocks are likely, which will lead to further casualties and hinder search and rescue.”
In a sign of the huge scale of the disaster, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI ordered the armed forces to mobilise specialised search and rescue teams and a surgical field hospital, according to a statement from the military.
The king said he would visit the hardest-hit area, but despite an outpouring of offers of help from around the world, the Moroccan government had not formally asked for assistance, a step required before outside rescue crews could deploy.
Ayoub Toudite said he had been working out with friends at a gym in Moulay Brahim, which is carved into a mountainside south of Marrakesh, when “we felt a huge shake like it was doomsday”.
In 10 seconds, he said, everything was gone.
“We are all terrified that this happens again,” said Mr Toudite, who made a desperate plea on social media to send more ambulances to the area.
Rescuers were using hammers and axes to free a man trapped under a two-storey building.
People capable of squeezing into the tiny space were giving him water.
Hundreds of men gathered in town as more than a dozen blanket-covered bodies were carried down the hill from the health centre to the square.
They knelt on rugs and prayed for the dead in a funeral ritual before taking them to be buried.
The epicentre of Friday’s tremor was near the town of Ighil in Al Haouz Province, roughly 70 kilometres (44 miles) south of Marrakesh.
Al Haouz is known for scenic villages and valleys tucked in the High Atlas Mountains.
The Moroccan military deployed aircraft, helicopters and drones and emergency services mobilised aid efforts to the hardest-hit areas, but roads leading to the mountain region around the epicentre were jammed with vehicles and blocked with fallen rocks, slowing rescue efforts.
Trucks loaded with blankets, camp cots and lighting equipment were trying to reach that hard-hit area, the official news agency MAP reported.
On the steep, winding switchbacks from Marrakesh to Al Haouz, ambulances with sirens blaring and honking cars veered around piles of red rock that had tumbled from the mountainside and blocked the road.
Red Cross workers tried to clear a boulder blocking the two-lane highway.
Morocco will observe three days of national mourning with flags at half-mast at all public facilities, MAP reported.
World leaders offered to send in aid or rescue crews as condolences poured in from countries in Europe, the Middle East and the Group of 20 summit in India.
The president of Turkey, which lost tens of thousands of people in a massive earthquake earlier this year, was among those proposing assistance.
France and Germany, with large populations of people of Moroccan origin, also offered to help, and the leaders of both Ukraine and Russia expressed support for Moroccans.
In an exceptional move, neighbouring rival Algeria offered to open its airspace to allow eventual humanitarian aid or medical evacuation flights to travel to and from Morocco.
Algeria closed the airspace when its government severed diplomatic ties with Morocco in 2021 over a series of issues.
The countries have a decades-long dispute involving the territory of Western Sahara.
The US Geological Survey said the quake had a preliminary magnitude of 6.8 when it hit at 11.11pm (2211 GMT), with shaking that lasted several seconds.
The US agency reported that a magnitude 4.9 aftershock hit 19 minutes later.
The collision of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates occurred at a relatively shallow depth, which makes a quake more dangerous.
Earthquakes are relatively rare in North Africa.
Lahcen Mhanni, head of the Seismic Monitoring and Warning Department at the National Institute of Geophysics, told 2M TV that the earthquake was the strongest ever recorded in the region.
In 1960, a magnitude 5.8 tremor struck near the Moroccan city of Agadir and caused thousands of deaths.
That quake prompted changes in construction rules in Morocco, but many buildings, especially rural homes, are not built to withstand such tremors.
In 2004, a 6.4 magnitude earthquake near the Mediterranean coastal city of Al Hoceima left more than 600 dead.
Friday’s quake was felt as far away as Portugal and Algeria, according to the Portuguese Institute for Sea and Atmosphere and Algeria’s Civil Defence agency, which oversees emergency response.