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China rings in Lunar New Year with most Covid rules lifted

Visitors wearing face masks walk along a path decorated with lanterns at a public park in Beijing (Mark Schiefelbein/AP/PA)
Associated Press Reporters

People across China rang in the Lunar New Year on Sunday with family gatherings and crowds visiting temples after the government lifted its strict zero-Covid policy, marking the biggest festive celebration since the pandemic began.

The Lunar New Year is the most important annual holiday in China. Each year is named after one of the 12 signs of the Chinese zodiac in a repeating cycle, with this year being the Year of the Rabbit.

For the past three years, celebrations were muted in the shadow of the pandemic.

APTOPIX China Asia Lunar New Year
A woman poses for a photo in front of a New Year-themed display at a public park in Beijing on the first day of the Lunar New Year holiday (Mark Schiefelbein/AP/PA)

With the easing of most Covid-19 restrictions, many people could finally make their first trip back to their home towns to reunite with their families without worrying about the restrictions of quarantine, potential lockdowns and suspension of travel.

Larger public celebrations also returned for what is known as the Spring Festival in China, with the capital hosting thousands of cultural events — on a larger scale than a year ago.

The mass movement of people may cause the virus to spread in certain areas, said Wu Zunyou, the chief epidemiologist at China’s Centre for Disease Control.

China Asia Lunar New Year
A bridge decorated with lanterns at a public park in Beijing to mark the Lunar New Year holiday (Mark Schiefelbein/AP/PA)

But a large-scale Covid-19 surge will be unlikely in the next two or three months because about 80% of the country’s 1.4 billion people have been infected during the recent wave, he wrote on the social media platform Weibo on Saturday.

In Beijing, many worshippers offered morning prayers at the Lama Temple but the crowds appeared to be smaller compared to pre-pandemic days. The Tibetan Buddhist site allows up to 60,000 visitors a day, citing safety reasons, and requires an advance reservation.

China Asia Lunar New Year
Visitors wearing face masks walk along a path decorated with lanterns at a public park in Beijing (Mark Schiefelbein/AP/PA)

At Taoranting Park, there was no sign of the usual bustling New Year food stalls despite its walkways being decorated with traditional Chinese lanterns. A popular temple fair at Badachu Park will be back this week, but similar events at Ditan Park and Longtan Lake Park have yet to return.

In Hong Kong, revellers flocked to the city’s largest Taoist temple, Wong Tai Sin Temple, to burn the first incense sticks of the year. The site’s popular ritual was suspended for the last two years due to the pandemic.

Traditionally, big crowds gather before 11pm on Lunar New Year’s Eve, with everyone trying to be the first, or among the first, to put their incense sticks into the stands in front of the temple’s main hall.

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Worshippers burn their first incense sticks as they offer prayer at the Wong Tai Sin Temple, in Hong Kong, to celebrate the Lunar New Year which marks the Year of the Rabbit in the Chinese zodiac (Bertha Wang/AP/PA)

Worshippers believe those who are among the first to place their incense sticks will stand the best chance of having their prayers answered.

Local resident Freddie Ho, who visited the temple on Saturday night, was happy that he could join the event in person.

“I hope to place the first incense stick and pray that the New Year brings world peace, that Hong Kong’s economy will prosper, and that the pandemic will go away from us and we can all live a normal life,” Mr Ho said. “I believe this is what everyone wishes.”

Meanwhile, the crowds praying for good fortune at the historic Longshan Temple in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan, were smaller than a year ago even as the pandemic eased. That is partly because many people there had ventured to other parts of Taiwan or overseas on long-awaited trips.

As communities across Asia welcomed the Year of the Rabbit, the Vietnamese were celebrating the Year of the Cat instead. There is no official answer to explain the difference but one theory suggests cats are popular because they often help Vietnamese rice farmers to chase away rats.