EU looks to fine Poland every day over justice system concerns
The EU is seeking to levy daily fines against Poland’s nationalist government to force it to comply with the rulings of Europe’s top court, amid a long-running dispute over the independence of the country’s justice system.
The EU’s executive branch, the European Commission, said that it wants the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to “impose financial penalties on Poland to ensure compliance” with one of the tribunal’s previous legal rulings.
The commission, which supervises the respect of EU laws, said it wants the Luxembourg-based court to impose “a daily penalty” on Poland until it acts to improve the functioning of the Polish supreme court and suspends new laws deemed to undermine judicial independence.
A main point of contention is the disciplinary chamber of the supreme court, a body that was given the power to fine judges by the Polish ruling party.
Many Polish judges view the chamber as a means of pressuring them to issue rulings in favour of the ruling authorities.
To date, while the ruling party has filled the ranks of the top courts, there are many lower court judges who act independently and have given rulings that go against the government’s interests.
The EU’s executive body also launched the first step in new legal action against Poland for not complying with a separate ECJ decision that the country’s rules for disciplining judges does not conform with EU law.
Brussels said that if the government in Warsaw does not respond to the “letter of formal notice” satisfactorily that it will take the case back before the court.
In a tweet, European Commission vice-president Vera Jourova said that “the rulings of the European Court of Justice must be respected across the EU. This is a must to build and nurture the necessary mutual trust between Member States and citizens alike”.
She said the commission stands “ready to work with Polish authorities to find the way out of this crisis”.
Legal observers see some of the justice policy changes imposed by Poland’s right-wing government as an attempt to undermine the power of EU laws within the country and even step away from the 27-nation bloc.
Poland joined the EU in 2004, agreeing to abide by its rules and laws.
Concerns over democratic backsliding in Poland are also holding up the country’s access to billions of euro in European money to help revive its economy in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.
Last week, Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki said nobody has the right to lecture his country on democracy, as talks with Brussels on access to the recovery fund dragged on.
“Nobody will teach us what democracy and rule of law are because Poland has a very long and noble history of fighting against all kinds of totalitarianism and despots,” Mr Morawiecki said on Facebook.
“We fought for the rule of law and democracy during the terrible years of communism, but we have a much longer longer tradition of democracy and we do not want to be instructed by anyone in western Europe about what democracy is, what the rule of law is, because we know best.”
Earlier this year, Mr Morawiecki asked the nation’s top court to rule on whether the Polish Constitution or EU law has primacy in the central European nation.
The Constitutional Court has been delaying its judgment, with the next session now set for September 22.
Should it give precedence to Polish law, the ruling would pose a threat to the EU’s interconnected legal order.