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Syrians vote in election certain to give Assad new mandate

Syrian president Bashar Assad. Picture by Vahid Salemi/AP
Albert Aji, Associated Press

Syrians in government-held areas of the war-torn country headed to polling stations early Wednesday, to vote in a presidential election set to give president Bashar Assad a fourth seven-year term.

The vote is the second presidential election since the country’s conflict began 10 years ago and has been dismissed as a sham by the opposition and Western countries.

Two other candidates are running for the country’s top post, which has been held by members of the Assad family for five decades.

They are little known figures, Abdullah Salloum Abdullah and Mahmoud Ahmad Marie. But competition with Assad is largely seen as symbolic.

Starting at 7am, thousands began arriving at polling stations in Damascus, where streets have been decorated with giant posters of Assad and banners praising his rule.

Few posters of the two other candidates appeared in the streets.

“We choose the future. We choose Bashar Assad,” read one of many banners in the city.

No vote will be held in north-east Syria, which is controlled by US-backed Kurdish-led fighters, or in the north-western province of Idlib that is the last major rebel stronghold in the country.

Still, in some parts of government-held areas, including the southern provinces of Daraa and Sweida, many have rejected the vote, calling it illegitimate.

The Syrian Democratic Council that runs daily affairs in north-east Syria said in a statement it will not take part in the vote “before political solutions in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions, release of detainees, return of displaced and putting the basis for a political structure far away from tyranny”.

On Sunday, prime minister Hussein Arnous travelled to Sweida along with a dozen Cabinet ministers in the first such visit in years to meet local officials.

There has reportedly been widespread anger against the vote and overspending on pro-Assad campaigns in the city at a time when much of the region’s population lives in poverty.

The vote this year comes as Syria’s economy is in freefall as a result of Western sanctions, government corruption and infighting, the coronavirus pandemic and the financial crisis in Lebanon, Syria’s main link with the outside world.

Syria’s interior minister Mohammad Rahmoun said 12,102 polling stations were set up in all the Syrian governorates. He said there are more than 18 million eligible voters in Syria and abroad. Syrians living abroad voted last week.

Syria had a population of 23 million before the conflict broke out a decade ago. The fighting has left nearly half a million dead and half the country’s population displaced, more than five million of them refugees outside Syria.

The civil war broke out in 2011 when Arab Spring-inspired protests against Assad family rule turned into an armed insurgency in response to a brutal military crackdown.

Assad has been in power since 2000 when he took over from his father, Hafez, who ruled before that for 30 years.

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