What do I need to know about how strikes are affecting schools in Scotland?
Essential school staff in Scotland who are members of Unison are expected to walk out on September 26, 27 and 28 in a pay dispute with local government body the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (Cosla).
Janitors, cleaners and support workers are among those set to take part in the action.
Two other trade unions suspended strikes and First Minister Humza Yousaf has urged Unison to reconsider.
Here, the PA news agency answers some of the key questions about the strikes:
– Why are they striking?
Essential school staff are some of the lowest-paid local authority workers and have been embroiled in a pay dispute with council umbrella body Cosla over a pay increase.
A new offer represents a minimum wage increase of £2,006 for those on the Scottish Government’s living wage and a minimum increase of £1,929 for workers who are earning above the living wage.
The living wage of £10.85 will rise to £11.89 under the new offer, equivalent to a 9.6% increase – but Unison has said the revised pay offer remains a “real-terms pay cut” and “below the rate of inflation”.
Mark Ferguson, chair of Unison Scotland’s local government committee, said: “The offer is still below the rate of inflation, meaning that local government workers are being asked to take a real-terms pay cut during a cost-of-living crisis.”
– Where are the strikes taking place?
The 24 councils where Unison strikes are threatened are: Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire, Angus, City of Edinburgh, Clackmannanshire, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar, Dumfries & Galloway, Dundee City, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Fife, Glasgow City, Highland, Inverclyde, Moray, North Ayrshire, Orkney Islands, Perth & Kinross, Renfrewshire, Shetland Islands, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, Stirling and West Dunbartonshire.
– Why is there a split in the unions?
GMB Scotland and Unite suspended strikes and will ballot their members on the offer.
GMB Scotland said the offer was “not perfect but it is a clear improvement”.
However, Unison Scotland’s local government committee voted unanimously on September 21 to continue with industrial action.
Unison Scotland’s head of local government Johanna Baxter said: “This revised offer is far too little, too late. It has taken Cosla six months to send us a revised pay offer which, for the vast majority of staff is an increase of only 0.5% in-year.”
– Will all schools be closed?
No. Unison has no mandate to strike in eight council areas, meaning schools there are not affected: Argyll and Bute, East Lothian, East Ayrshire, Falkirk, Midlothian, North Lanarkshire, Scottish Borders and West Lothian.
In the other 24 council areas, various arrangements have been put in place, with South Lanarkshire, Fife, Inverclyde, Orkney and the Western Isles councils having said their schools will be closed.
Highland Council said 27 of its schools are expected to remain open while Glasgow City Council said high schools will be open for S4-S6 pupils only, on Tuesday, with a reassessment planned that day on whether any more schools and nurseries can open for the following two days.
– What is Cosla saying about it?
Cosla’s resources spokesperson Katie Hagmann said she was “heartened both Unite and the GMB will suspend strike action”.
She added: “We are talking about a pay package which not only compares well to other sectors but recognises the cost-of-living pressures on our workforce, and which would mean the lowest-paid would see an in-year uplift of over £2,000 or just under 10%.
“This is the best funding package that Scottish and local government can provide, and I hope their members accept the offer.”
A spokesperson for Cosla said: “This is a very strong offer that equates to 10% or £2,006 for the lowest paid at the request of the trade unions.
“Throughout these negotiations we have met every request of our trade union colleagues.”