Charity plans reintroduction of beavers to Highland glen
A rewilding charity is hoping to win permission for proposals that could see beavers return to a Highland glen for the first time in 400 years.
Trees for Life is to apply for a Scottish Government licence to reintroduce beavers to Glen Affric following extensive community consultation.
The charity, working on behalf of a partnership that includes Government agency Forestry and Land Scotland (FLS) and four private landowners, will develop the application over the coming months and submit it to NatureScot for approval.
If permission is granted, reintroductions could take place in Loch Beinn a' Mheadhoin as early as autumn this year.
It would be the first official release of beavers to the north-west Highlands since the species was driven to extinction 400 years ago.
Alan McDonnell, conservation manager at Trees for Life, said: “We've worked hard to ensure an inclusive, considered consultation, with all voices having the chance to be listened to. This has been key to our recommendations going forward, and we're very grateful to everyone who took part.
“The return of beavers to Glen Affric would be a story of hope and renewal. These remarkable animals can help us tackle the nature and climate emergencies.
“Their dams create nature-rich wetlands that also absorb carbon, reduce flooding downstream and improve water quality.
“We believe it is important that the community is closely involved in following how these animals progress into the future.”
It comes after the Scottish Government in late 2021 announced its support for translocation, which involves safely trapping and moving the animals to a more suitable area, rather than culling them when they cause problems.
In January, Loch Lomond became the third location in Scotland where a beaver translocation has taken place since the initial reintroduction trial of the creatures at Knapdale in Argyll began in 2009.
If permission for the Glen Affric move is granted, up to three groups of beavers would be relocated by the Beaver Trust from lower Tayside, where the animals would otherwise be culled.
The application must include a monitoring and management plan to track how reintroduced beavers progress over time, which will be developed with local community input as part of a management approach for the area.
The decision to take the proposal to the next stage follows a detailed community consultation, carried out by Trees for Life since last summer on behalf of four private landowners and FLS, who all manage land in the glen with suitable beaver habitat.
FLS environment manager Colin Edwards said: “FLS are ideally placed to assist with the Scottish Government policy to support a significant expansion of the range and size of the beaver population within Scotland over the next 10 years.
“We are committed to seeing beavers reintroduced to suitable parts of Scotland where their presence will bring ecological benefits, and we are therefore supportive of this proposal.
“However, we are sensitive to the concerns of adjacent landowners and the local community.
“Therefore it is important that any plans to bring beavers to this part of Scotland are done with the involvement of those most directly affected.”
A Trees for Life report recommends that beavers are not also released at Strathglass in that area of the Highlands at this time.
It notes that in the area above the Beinn a' Mheadhoin dam in Glen Affric, most of the landowners support the reintroduction proposal.
However Trees for Life has stressed the importance of engaging with the community to develop the monitoring measures needed as part of the application to release beavers there.
These measures will be designed to detect and support the management of any beavers should they get past the significant barrier of the dam and disperse downstream to Strathglass.