Northern Ireland news

Chief Scientific Adviser Ian Young loses High Court bid to block disciplinary probe

Chief Scientific Advisor Professor Ian Young
Sam Tobin, PA

Chief Scientific Adviser Professor Ian Young has lost a High Court bid to block a disciplinary investigation into allegations he failed to tell the family of a nine-year-old girl who died about “failings” in her treatment.

Claire Roberts died from hyponatraemia, which is linked to a shortage of sodium in the blood, at the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in Belfast on October 23 1996, shortly after she was admitted to hospital following several episodes of vomiting.

Professor Ian Young was asked to review the case in 2004 and provide an assessment on whether hyponatraemia contributed to Claire’s death.

A public inquiry investigating the deaths of Claire and four other children from the condition found Prof Young did not inform Claire’s parents – Alan and Jennifer Roberts – about failings in her care and gave “misleading” evidence to the original inquest into her death.

In a January 2018 report, inquiry chairman Mr Justice O’Hara also said Prof Young had “shifted from his initial independent role … to one of protecting the hospital and its doctors”.

A new inquest, which was ordered following the inquiry, concluded in June 2019 that Claire’s death “was caused by the treatment that she received in hospital”.

Prof Young referred himself to the General Medical Council (GMC) shortly after the inquiry’s report was published and the regulator initially decided not to waive its usual five-year time limit for fitness to practise proceedings.

But the GMC reversed its decision in January 2020, finding it was “in the public interest” for the allegations against Prof Young to proceed to an investigation.

At a High Court hearing in January, Prof Young’s barrister Robert Kellar QC said the original decision that it was not in the public interest to waive the statutory time limit on investigations was “lawful and rational” and the reversal of that decision was “inconsistent and unreasonable”.

Mr Kellar also argued the second decision by the GMC “took into account irrelevant considerations and unfairly mischaracterised Prof Young’s conduct”.

But, in a ruling today, Mr Justice Holgate dismissed Prof Young’s challenge.

The judge said that the GMC’s original decision was “wholly unsustainable” and had failed “to appreciate key elements of the inquiry’s findings going both to the seriousness of the allegations and the public interest issues involved”.

Mr Justice Holgate added that the GMC was right to conclude that there were “material flaws” in the original decision.

In a statement after the ruling, Professor Ian Young's legal representative said he was "disappointed" with the decision.

The statement said: "Professor Young continues to acknowledge the ongoing suffering of Mr and Mrs Roberts and their family in relation to Claire's death in 1996 and subsequent events.

"He has apologised previously if any of his actions have inadvertently contributed to their distress, and would like to do so again."

His legal representative added: "Throughout these events, Professor Young believes that he has acted with integrity, to the best of his ability, to give clear and honest opinions which reflected his knowledge and understanding of the evidence at the time.

"In particular, he denies completely any suggestion that he sought to mislead the coroner or Claire's parents in any way.

"Indeed, he believes that the record is clear that on every possible occasion he has sought and supported further independent external scrutiny of Claire's care."

A GMC spokeswoman said in a statement: "We are pleased the court has decided that our decision to investigate in this case was lawful and will now continue.

"This is a difficult time for all concerned and our thoughts remain with those families who lost children to hyponatraemia in Northern Ireland.

"As in any case, we will look at all the evidence before making a decision."

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