Education news

Complaints about university courses in England and Wales at record levels

The Prince of Wales with Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge Professor Stephen J Toope, left. Cambridge University vice-chancellor Professor Stephen Toope has told private schools to accept that they will get fewer students into Oxbridge in the future PICTURE: Daniel Leal/PA
Catherine Lough

COMPLAINTS about university courses in England and Wales were at the highest level on record last year, with some reporting technology issues during online exams.

The Office of the Independent Adjudicator for Higher Education (OIA) received 2,763 complaints from students in 2021, an increase of 6 per cent on 2020 levels.

In a new report, the OIA said "some students found that they weren't getting the learning experiences that they reasonably expected" and that they had been affected by the "cumulative impact of the pandemic and industrial action".

It also found that some students had struggled with technology, "especially in online timed exams", with some finding it difficult to make the technology work at all, while for others poor typing skills had affected their performance.

The overall financial compensation awarded to students in 2021 was £1,304,379, "significantly higher than in previous years".

The OIA said this was partly because the impact of the pandemic made it difficult to come up with practical solutions to complaints.

The highest single amount of financial compensation was just over £68,000, while 63 students received compensation of more than £5,000.

The proportion of complaints that related partly to the pandemic had risen since 2020, accounting for 37 per cent of complaints received, compared with 12 per cent in 2020.

Across English and Welsh universities, 45 per cent of complaints in 2021 related to "service issues" such as teaching or course delivery, while 29 per cent related to academic appeals, a slight fall from 33 per cent in 2020.

In total, 27 per cent of complaints were seen as "justified".

In one instance, students in the second year of a practical arts MA complained about their programme and how it had been advertised, as their practical modules were suspended during the pandemic.

The OIA recommended that the students be refunded 50 per cent of the course fees and offered a further £6,250 for the inconvenience they had suffered.

In another case, a student who was seriously injured during their course was not given information about the Disabled Students' Allowance by their university.

They were not fully supported throughout their studies, gaining a 2.2 for their degree.

They argued that they would have achieved a 2.1 with DSA support, as they were close to the 2.1 borderline. The OIA called on the university to reconsider their degree class and they were finally awarded a 2.1.

The top three study areas where complaints were received were business and management, subjects relating to medicine, and arts courses.

The OIA said this was due to the high numbers of business and management students across England and Wales, while those studying creative and more practical subjects had seen their courses particularly affected by the pandemic.

Students also "complained about lack of access to laboratories, cancelled or changed projects, placements and study abroad opportunities".

PhD and postgraduate students were over-represented in complaints, with 45 per cent of complaints coming from these students despite them making up 27 per cent of the overall English and Welsh student populations.

The OIA said this could be because of the "substantial personal and financial investment" made by postgraduate students in their courses, leading to increased pressure on them to succeed.

Independent adjudicator Felicity Mitchell said: "2021 was another year dominated by the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.

"Many students experienced disruption to their lives and to their studies, and providers worked hard to deliver learning and support whilst balancing complex considerations and risks."

She added that the OIA had both received and closed more complaints than before and that she hoped the work had been helpful to students and universities in "these very challenging times".

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