It's not just flu: 5 lesser-known winter health problems and how to tackle them
Cold weather can make some health problems worse and even lead to serious complications. Liz Connor hears how to live well this winter
IT'S known as the most wonderful time of the year, but winter can be the very worst for your health.
Colder weather can lead to some seasonal health issues that we all need to watch out for, especially if we want to avoid feeling unwell on Christmas Day.
While many of us tend to focus on common ailments such as cold, viruses and flu, there are lesser-known health risks that are associated with winter. We asked health experts to tell us more…
1. Cold Sores
It starts with a tell-tale tingling on the edge of your mouth and develops into an angry, painful sore that makes you reluctant to switch on your camera during Zoom calls.
Cold sores are one of the more embarrassing winter ailments, but they're also widespread. The Herpes Viruses Association says that around seven in 10 people have caught one of the viruses that cause them, though only one in three of them will show symptoms.
“Cold sores will spread to individuals that are in close contact to the affected area either through skin-to-skin touch or kissing,” says LloydsPharmacy (lloydspharmacy.com) pharmacist Pareena Patel. “As the virus is often underlying, remaining dormant, it can even be spread from individuals who don't show symptoms, as well as those that do.”
Patel explains that many people believe that you can't treat cold sores, but you actually can. “Whilst most cold sores will clear up by themselves in seven to 10 days, anti-viral creams and treatments designed to treat cold sores (available over the counter) can be effective at speeding up the healing process.”
2. Joint pain
Many people feel that arthritis-related pain increases when the temperature drops, making the Christmas period agony.
“Studies have found that cold and damp weather can irritate joint pain, particularly for those with arthritis,” explains Patel. “While we don't know for sure why this is, some scientists believe that changes in the weight of the air, known as barometric pressure, can cause expansion and contraction of tendons, muscles, bones and scar tissues.”
Of course, you can't stop the wind and rain, but Patel believes that you can manage your flare-ups with certain lifestyle interventions.
“Hot and cold therapy is one of the most effective forms of joint pain relief,” she notes. “The heat enhances circulation, whilst delivering nutrients to joints and muscles, which is good for getting your body more limber.”
For an inexpensive home therapy, you could try alternating between a hot and cold shower in the morning, or applying heat packs to the affected area, followed by an ice compress.
3. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
SAD is a type of depression that is related to changes in seasons, so symptoms appear at the same time every year, normally in autumn and winter. According to Bupa, it affects around three in 100 people in the UK, and women are around four times more likely to have SAD than men.
The Royal College of Psychiatrists says the main symptoms of SAD that are similar to depression include low mood and lack of interest and enjoyment of life – while common symptoms of SAD that differ from most depressions are sleeping more and eating more.
Nutritionist Dr Marilyn Glenville (marilynglenville.com) explains: “Regular workouts can help to combat the symptoms of SAD as it helps to release endorphins, which are brain chemicals that bring on a happy post-exercise feeling.”
Glenville says that it's advisable to exercise during the daylight hours if you suffer from SAD, so you get the added benefit of the sun's rays, which can boost your vitamin D levels.
Between the mince pies, turkey dinners and Christmas chocolates, over-indulgence during the festive period is pretty common. If you're not careful though, it can bring on uncomfortable bloating, burping and indigestion that leaves you feeling sluggish and unwell.
“The food we eat over the winter period can also lead to many people experiencing indigestion and heartburn,” says Patel. “These are often triggered by fatty foods, big meals and alcohol, and can be uncomfortable due to the stomach acid coming in contact with the lining of the digestive system.”
Gut health expert and founder of Chuckling Goat (chucklinggoat.co.uk) Shann Nix Jones says that when it comes to indigestion, you should swerve the painkillers in favour of natural kefir – a fermented milk drink that's similar to yogurt. This tangy treat is available to buy in most health food shops.
“Pure, unflavoured kefir made with goat's milk and real kefir grains is a fast and effective way to improve gut health,” believes Shann. “The probiotic kefir works to treat symptoms of digestive conditions by reducing elevated levels of inflammation in the brain and body.”
5. Christmas asthma
We often think of asthma symptoms as being at their peak during spring and summer months; however, Christmas poses its own risks. “Both real and artificial Christmas trees can trigger asthma in some people,” warns Patel.
“Real Christmas trees often harbour mould and the warmth from inside your home can cause mould spores to multiply, which increases the risk of an asthma attack.”
She adds that artificial trees are no better, as they can gather mould and dust whilst in storage.
“To reduce the risk of your Christmas tree spoiling your December, keep real trees in the coolest area of your house and hose them down before bringing them inside,” she advises. “If you're opting for an artificial tree this year, make sure to dust it thoroughly when you bring it down from the loft.”
If you're concerned about your health this winter, it's advisable to speak to your GP for advice and information, especially if you are 65 or older, or if you have a long-term health condition.