Aid ship stuck at sea for six days will be allowed to dock in Malta
An aid ship stuck at sea for six days will be allowed to dock in Malta, and more than 200 migrants on board will be distributed among eight EU states.
The announcement by Malta's prime minister Joseph Muscat ends Europe's second impasse in recent weeks over the fate of people saved at sea amid rising political resistance to their welcome.
Mr Muscat said that once in port, the Lifeline Mission ship would be impounded and the crew placed under investigation for allegedly operating illegally – including violating rescue protocols and operating without the correct registration.
The migrants, who were rescued off Libya's coast, would be vetted to determine if they are eligible for political asylum or if they are economic migrants to be sent back to their countries of origin.
Mr Muscat said Malta has no legal obligation to act since the rescue happened in Libyan waters, but said it was willing to act "before the situation escalates to a humanitarian crisis".
The eight countries to accept vetted migrants from the ship are France, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium and Malta itself. It is unclear how many each would take.
While Mr Muscat emphasised that the Lifeline case was unique because of the alleged violations of the crew, the refusal by Italy and Malta to open their ports to the ship – and the haggling among EU states over how to distribute the migrants – showed a hardening of positions as EU leaders head into a summit where migration policies are expected to be debated.
Earlier this month, Italy and Malta both refused port to French humanitarian ship the Aquarius, forcing some 630 migrants to travel an additional 900 miles to Spain.
The fate of the ship operated by the German group had appeared resolved a day earlier when Italy announced it would take some of the migrants and Malta would open its ports.
But Malta later said the ship was not welcome until it had a deal for all of the migrants on board. On Wednesday, Malta allowed the ship to enter its waters to seek shelter from rough sea conditions, before announcing it could dock.
Lifeline said that along with the worsening weather, some migrants were in fragile health.
Manuel Sarrazin, an MP with the German Green party who is in regular contact with the crew and its supporters, said the situation on board the Lifeline was deteriorating.
He said: "Last night they were close to calling emergencies to evacuate two people.
"Doctors on board were able to stabilise them so the evacuation, which would have been very dangerous, didn't have to take place."
Mr Sarrazin added that the passengers are suffering from severe sea sickness due to rough seas.
"They are at risk of dehydration. It's been clear for days that the situation could get worse. There needs to be a solution soon."
The stand-off came ahead of an EU summit at which Italy will propose a new system for distributing migrants more evenly among EU countries along with ways to discourage economic migrants from leaving Africa.
Italy and Greece have had to deal with most arrivals in recent years as people make the dangerous sea journey to seek a better life in Europe, often fleeing war and oppression.