Syrian government and Russian air strikes kill at least 46 civilians
Syrian government and Russian air strikes have killed at least 46 civilians in a besieged town outside Damascus, while Turkish attacks on a Kurdish-held town in northern Syria left at least 22 dead, officials said.
The death toll came a day after Syria passed the seven-year mark in its relentless civil war.
In Damascus's rebel-held enclave of eastern Ghouta, Syrian and Russian jets struck the town of Kafr Batna with cluster bombs, napalm-like incendiary weapons, and conventional explosives, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.
The assault was part of an indiscriminate campaign by President Bashar Assad's forces to retake the town and the rest of the enclave from the rebels.
A medical charity supporting hospitals in the Ghouta region, the Syrian American Medical Society, said doctors in Kafr Batna were treating patients for severe burn wounds.
The charity said it recorded 40 casualties on Friday. The Syrian Civil Defence search-and-rescue group said it had identified 42 bodies so far.
Oways al-Shami, a spokesman for the Syrian Civil Defence, also known as the White Helmets, said he expected the toll to rise further. "Most of the [bodies] were charred," he said.
Exhausted and shell-shocked civilians streamed out of eastern Ghouta for the second consecutive day to buses arranged by the government to take them to a centre for identification and relief.
A man interviewed on state-affiliated al-Ikhbariya TV said he had gone two days without food. Others said rebels had hoarded food and humiliated civilians, even shooting people trying to leave.
The UN has warned of a malnutrition crisis in eastern Ghouta, which human rights groups have blamed on the government blockade.
Russia's Defence Ministry said almost 5,000 civilians had been evacuated on Friday, after more than 10,000 left the day before.
The assault on eastern Ghouta has devastated towns across the region and damaged and destroyed more than a dozen hospitals. At least 1,300 civilians have been killed under shelling and air strikes.
Russia's foreign minister Sergey Lavrov said the Russian military and the Syrian government would extend a "ceasefire" in Damascus's rebel-held suburbs for as long as it takes to allow all the civilians to leave.
In northern Syria, Kurdish officials said Turkish shelling and air strikes killed at least 22 civilians on Friday in the town of Afrin.
The Turkish military urged civilians to leave and the Syrian Kurdish militiamen to surrender to besieging Turkish forces.
The media office for the Syrian Democratic Forces, a Kurdish-led and US-backed force that operates in the Kurdish autonomous region in the north, said at least 30 were wounded in Friday's attacks.
Since their offensive began in January, Turkish forces have nearly encircled Afrin in an effort to drive Syrian Kurdish fighters from the town and the surrounding region.
Residents say they are facing bread, water and electricity shortages.
The Observatory and activists reported seeing hundreds of civilians filing out of Afrin to neighbouring villages on Thursday and Friday, looking for relief. Tens of thousands are believed to still be inside.
Earlier on Friday, Turkish aircraft dropped leaflets in Arabic and Kurdish on Afrin, asking residents to stay away from "terrorist positions" – a reference to the Syrian Kurdish fighters – and to not let themselves be used as "human shields".
The leaflets claimed that civilians wanting to flee Afrin would be guaranteed safety by the Turkish military and urged Syrian Kurdish fighters to "trust the hand we extend to you".
"Come surrender! A calm and peaceful future awaits you in Afrin," the leaflets read.
Thursday saw the largest single-day exodus of civilians in Syria's civil war. The government offensive has pushed further into eastern Ghouta, chipping away at one of the largest and most significant opposition bastions since the early days of the rebellion - communities where 400,000 people are estimated to be holed up.
Since mid-February, Syrian troops have targeted Damascus's sprawling suburbs with shells, air strikes and even toxic gas, according to opposition medics. They are now in control of the majority of the enclave that had been in rebel hands since 2012.