Opium production in Afghanistan almost doubled this year compared to 2016
Opium production in Afghanistan has almost doubled this year compared to 2016, new research has shown.
The study – compiled by the UN and Afghan government – also found that areas which are under poppy cultivation rose by 63 per cent.
Production increased by 87 per cent and stands at a record level of 9,000 tonnes so far in 2017, compared to the 2016 levels of 4,800
The Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said the area under opium poppy cultivation has also increased to a record 810,488 acres in 2017, compared with the 496,671 acres that cultivated the poppy in 2016.
"It is high time for the international community and Afghanistan to reprioritise drug control, and to acknowledge that every nation has a shared responsibility for this global problem," UNODC's executive director Yury Fedotov said.
The jump in production is mainly a result of the increase in the area under poppy cultivation while a rise in opium yield also contributed.
The largest increase in yields came in the south, where the average yield grew by 19 per cent. In the country's north-eastern region, the yield from the opium poppy rose by 14 per cent.
Researchers said the number of poppy-free provinces in the country decreased from 13 to 10, with Ghazni, Samangan and Nuristan becoming poppy-growing regions, raising the number of those cultivating the poppy from 21 to 24 provinces in the country.
Afghanistan is the world's top cultivator of the poppy from which opium and heroin are produced.
The 2017 record levels of opium production and poppy cultivation create multiple challenges for the country, its neighbours and the many other countries that are transit for or destination of Afghan opiates.
The Taliban, who have been waging war against the Afghan government since 2001, are heavily involved in poppy cultivation and opium distribution, especially in areas under their control.
They have stepped up their attacks against Afghan security forces in the northern region of the country and elsewhere over the past year.
In 2017, government-organised poppy eradication took place in 14 provinces, compared to seven provinces in 2016.
During the latest eradication campaign, six people were killed and eight were wounded in attacks by Taliban as well as drug traffickers.