Life

Gardening advice: How to perk up your patio with colourful autumn pot plants

Violas provide colour for the change of season when it comes to patio pot plants

AS POTS of tired summer bedding are tipped on to the compost to make way for autumn and winter flowers, there are things you should do now to ensure your container plants for the cooler months get off to a good start.

1. Provide good drainage:

Once you've emptied your pots of summer bedding and given the containers a good clean, line the base of your pots with crocks from broken terracotta pots or bits of polystyrene that your new bedding comes in, to make sure you have ample drainage for new autumn and winter bedding. Mix a handful of sharp stone or grit into the fresh compost to help drainage and stand your pots on feet, so the moisture doesn't come up through the pot and soak the roots from below.

2. Fill pots well:

Unlike summer bedding, which grows rapidly to cover the whole area of the pot, winter bedding is slower to make an impact – so it's best to plant winter bedding closer together in tubs, troughs and hanging baskets. They won't have as much growing time as summer plants had to make their mark, so don't penny-pinch on the amount you buy.

3. Don't over-water

Winter-flowering pansies and other bedding won't need as much water as your summer annuals did, so don't mix water-retaining granules into the fresh compost, or you'll end up with rotten roots and wilted plants.

4. Shelter containers

If you have planted up pots with spring bulbs, violas and pansies, put them in a sheltered spot – say under a porch or cold greenhouse when the winter weather is at its worst – but make sure they get maximum light so they can benefit from even weaker sunshine. As the weather gets cooler, protect plants by grouping containers and moving them closer to the wall to keep off wind and rain.

5. Choose plants wisely

Some bedding only appears in the autumn, including dwarf Michaelmas daisies, pot chrysanthemums and miniature cyclamen, while orange-berried winter cherries and ornamental kales appear slightly later on. All can be put to good use in a container and enhanced with evergreen foliage plants. Use a showstopper as the centre plant and then use trailers, such as creeping Jenny or ivy, around the outside, filling the gaps with pretty violas and pansies.

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