Irish language

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Go mbeannaí daoibh, a chairde dhílse na Gaeilge, welcome apprentice Gaeilgeoirí to the Bluffer’s Guide to Irish.

I hope none of you have the Monday blues this dull January morning but what day of the week is your favourite and why?
Well, the days of the week you can easily learn off de ghlanmheabhair - by heart. 

Now, there are seven of them (of course) but there are two ways of saying each of them.

Firstly there is an Luan Monday, an Mháirt - Tuesday, An Chéadaoin - Wednesday, An Déardaoin - Thursday, an Aoine -  Friday, an Satharn - Saturday and an Domhnach - Sunday.

You would use the an version when naming the days so you would say inniu an Luan - today is Monday, amárach an Mháirt - tomorrow is Tuesday.

To say when you do things, you could say 

Téim chuig an otharlann ar an Aoine - I go to the hospital on Monday for example or beidh sé anseo ar an Domhnach - he will be here on Sunday.Now the other way of saying the days of the week and these all begin with Dé .. which sort of means the day of ...

So the list is Dé Luain - Monday, Dé Máirt - Tuesday, Dé Céadaoin - Wendesday, Déardaoin - Thursday, Dé hAoine - Friday, Dé Sathairn - Saturday and Dé Domhnaigh - Sunday.

This form will have come from the Latin where they talk abou dies Lunae and dies Martis for Monday and Tuesday respectively and so on.

So if you are saying “see you later” to someone you could day Tifidh mé tú Dé Sathairn - I’ll see you on Saturday or beidh mé ag obair Dé Máirt - I’ll be working on Tuesday.

Like the days of the week in English, the names in Irish come from different sources.

Some of the Irish names derive come from an Laidin - Latin.

While the English Monday comes from “moon day” the Irish does the same but the root comes from the Latin luna so we get Dé Luain.

(Of course in other languages, it has the same root - lundi (French), lunés - Spanish, dydd Llun - in Welsh.

Dé Máirt is named after the Roman god of War, Mars while Dé Sathairn is named after another Roman god, Saturn.

Saturn was a hardworking god being responsible for generation, plenty, wealth, agriculture, periodic renewal and liberation.

Nowadays, he is known for the day of the week where we all hit the town for some periodic renewal at a pub and/or a disco!  

You’ll have noticed one common element in Irish days of the week, aoin or aoine which means a fasting so these names would have come from   

early Christianity either at home or brought in from abroad.

Céad is the Irish for first so Dé Céadaoin (Wednesday) means Day of the first fast; Déardaoin (Friday) means the Day between the fasts and Dé hAoine (Friday) - day of main the fast.

That just leaves us with Sunday which in Irish is Dé Domhnaigh.

Again this comes from the Latin word for lord, dominus which you might know from dimanche, domingo etc in other languages.

So whatever day of the week it is, you can spend twenty minutes or so learning a little bit of Irish. Go dtí an Luan seo chugainn - til next Monday.

CÚPLA FOCAL

de ghlanmheabhair (de glanvyore) - by heart

an Luan (un looan) - Monday; an Mháirt (un waartch) - Tuesday; An Chéadaoin (un caydeen) - Wednesday; Déardaoin (jayrdeen) - Thursday; an Aoine (un aynya) - Friday; an Satharn (un sahern) - Saturday; an Domhnach (un doenakh) - Sunday

inniu an Luan (inyoo un looan) - today is Monday\, amárach an Mháirt (amaarakh un waartch) - tomorrow is Tuesday.

Téim chuig an otharlann ar an Aoine (chayim hig un oherlan er an aynya) I go to the hospital on Friday

Dé Luain (je looan) - Monday, 

Dé Máirt (je maartch) - Tuesday

Dé Céadaoin (je caydeen) - Wednesday

Déardaoin (jayrdeen) - Thursday

Dé hAoine (je haynya) - Friday 

Dé Sathairn (je sahern) - Saturday

Dé Domhnaigh (je doenee) - Sunday

Tifidh mé tú Dé Sathairn (chifee may too je sahern)- I’ll see you on Saturday

beidh mé ag obair Dé Máirt (bay may eg ubber je martch) - I’ll be working on Tuesday.

an Laidin (un ladgeen) - Latin

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